Hammersmith & Fulham Council and Nubian Jak Community Trust have unveiled a blue plaque at the former office and studios of Island Records in Hammersmith.
The blue plaque – installed on Saturday 8 October – marks 60 years since the seminal label moved to Hammersmith from Jamaica. It acknowledges the huge impact and influence that Island Records had in promoting Black music throughout the UK – building on its ground-breaking links from the Caribbean.
Members of the renowned Brit-funk band Hi-Tension and The Effra Band provided the musical accompaniment, alongside four Year 6 pupils from Wendell Park primary school in Shepherds Bush who sang classic tunes from Bob Marley & The Wailers.
Cllr Sharon Holder, H&F Cabinet Member for Public Realm, said: “It was fantastic to see so many people come out and celebrate the fantastic legacy of Island Records in Hammersmith with us.
“We will continue to honour the remarkable people and places that have contributed so much to our shared history and culture. This is part of our efforts to shine a light on the remarkable Black heritage and cultural history of Hammersmith & Fulham.”
Musical trails in H&F
Music is in the DNA of Hammersmith & Fulham.
The story of British music has been fundamentally changed – completely, irreversibly rocked – by the influence of Black music. And so much of that story was written on the streets, in the clubs, and by the artists in Hammersmith & Fulham.
Find out more about the musical roots of H&F with our Black Music History trail.
In 1973, number 22 in St Peter’s Square became the offices, recording studios and premises of Island Records, who moved in with 65 employees. The house became the administrative offices of the company, where the legal and finance staff worked.
The basement was converted into a small recording studio. It incorporated the base of the chimney which was occasionally used in recordings to add reverb to vocals – notably by Bob Marley during recording sessions for the iconic album, Exodus. Until the late 1990s, the building was in use around the clock, with recording sessions continuing late into the night.
During the Island years an air of improvisation and informality prevailed, the internal spaces of the buildings, undergoing frequent alterations in order to accommodate Island’s growing staff and changing needs. One member of staff recalls: “It was a rabbit warren. I must have worked in a dozen different spaces in my time there.”
The building is now used as an office for the architectural firm, Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands.
Dr Jak Beula, CEO of the Nubian Jak Community Trust said: “Island Records is arguably the most important label for the promotion of African and Caribbean music worldwide. So many of their artists became household names, and it is an honour to honour the label with a historic Nubian Jak blue plaque.”
Speakers on the day included H&F Mayor, Cllr Emma Apthorp, as well as Mark Marot, managing director of Island Records from 1982 to 2000, local architect Alex Lifschutz and British/Black music historian Kwaku.
- Read more about Chris Blackwell – founder of Island Records
Music producer Chris Blackwell founded Island Records in Jamaica in 1959 and transferred the business to London in 1962, calculating that there was a market for imported music among the UK’s large Jamaican population.
Chris Blackwell was only 21 when he founded the label after receiving a loan from his parents, among the heirs to the Crosse and Blackwell fortune. After a few local hits, Chris Blackwell and his three business partners relocated the Label to London in 1962.
The move was well timed. Island’s big break came in 1964, when My Boy Lollipop, sung to a ska arrangement by the Jamaican teenager Millie Small, reached number two in both the UK and US charts.
And more importantly, he found himself in the right place at the right time, in a musical zeitgeist encompassing artists, sound systems, record producers and an ever-appreciative audience desirous of new sounds.
In 1967, the label diversified into the rock market signing Spooky Tooth, the Spencer Davis Group and Traffic, as part of the emerging progressive rock scene with acts such as King Crimson, Jethro Tull and Free. Island also helped Cat Stevens to shake off his popstar image and nurtured individual talents such as Nick Drake and John Martyn.
Although perceived by some to be losing interest in its reggae acts, in 1973 the label made a spectacularly successful return to its Jamaican roots with the signing of Bob Marley and the Wailers. By the late 1970s, Island had an unrivalled roster of top reggae stars which included Toots and the Maytals, Aswad and Steel Pulse.
Island was also at the vanguard of some of world music’s best-known African artists, including Manu Dibango, King Sunny Ade, Salif Keita, Ali Farka Toure, Angelique Kidjo, and Baaba Maal.
Blackwell sold Island Records to PolyGram in 1989. Now part of Universal Music, the Island Records label continues to enjoy success.
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